Side effects of stevia Although generally recognized as safe, stevia may cause adverse effects in some people. Stevia has a mild, licorice-like taste that’s slightly bitter. There were also problems with the female lab mice. Major health and food safety organizations generally regard stevia, Certain products may also contain dextrin or maltodextrin, which can increase blood sugar levels and minimize any potential health benefits. 11. However, research supporting the safe use of less refined stevia compounds is still lacking. You can bake with stevia, although it may give cakes and cookies a licorice aftertaste. Before the approval of stevia leaf extracts (steviol glycosides), questions around side effects of the natural sweetener were often raised. Yes, there are side effects associated with herbal supplementation that you need to be aware of. © 2004-2021 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. Stevia has a mild, licorice-like taste that’s slightly bitter. Stevia use has been shown to help limit and reduce diarrhea and the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). For example, Truvia is a blend of Reb-A and erythritol, and Stevia in The Raw is a blend of Reb-A and dextrose (packets) or maltodextrin (Bakers Bag). In fact, many stevia products have very little stevia in them at all. Stevia can also interact with certain medications, so it is important to discuss stevia with a doctor before consuming or purchasing the product. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Both have pros and cons, but is one better for you? Although stevia is considered safe for people with diabetes, brands that contain dextrose or maltodextrin should be treated with caution. For example, erythritol is a sugar alcohol used in Truvia and several other brands. Side Effects As with almost anything we put in our bodies, there are some potential side effects reported when people use stevia leaf extract. You should add extra liquid or a bulking ingredient such as applesauce or mashed bananas to your recipe to make up for the lost sugar. Added sugar offers no nutritional value and contributes to tooth decay, weight gain and several chronic diseases. Many people choose to replace sugar with stevia to reduce their calorie consumption. Pure Via's stevia blends have the potential for other side effects because they contain a small amount of sugar. It also increased HDL (“good”) cholesterol. However, one noted limitation in this study is that it took place in a laboratory setting, rather than in a real-life situation in a person’s natural environment. It might be best to avoid stevia while you’re pregnant or breastfeeding. We dig into the ingredients of popular “zero-regret” ice creams and find out if our bodies can take the hype. Stevia (/ ˈ s t iː v i ə, ˈ s t ɛ v i ə /) is a sweetener and sugar substitute derived from the leaves of the plant species Stevia rebaudiana, native to Brazil and Paraguay.. Stevia in its natural form hasn’t. In Europe, scientists have been testing the side effects of stevia on mice, as well 1. It may take some trial and error to get the texture and level of sweetness you like. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Although stevia extract may seem like a better option than other types of stevia, there is not enough research yet to show its effects. Because the kidney is responsible for filtering and creating urine, researchers initially thought that long-term consumption of stevia could damage the organ. Some stevia brands, such as Stevia in the Raw, can replace table sugar teaspoon for teaspoon (as in sweetened beverages and sauces), unless you’re using it in baked goods. In addition, these highly refined stevia extracts may cause mild side effects, such as nausea or a feeling of fullness. While most people tolerate stevia well, some people may develop some side effects. This is a common mystery with herbal products. But if you use it throughout the day, the carbs add up. A 2016 study found that human sperm cells exposed to steviol experienced an increase in progesterone production. Although stevia may help control blood sugar in people with diabetes, it was also once thought that long-term or heavy stevia consumption might cause hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. It is therefore important to buy products certified to contain at least 95 percent steviol glycoside, and that contain no artificial or synthetic sweeteners. The product is easily absorbed by the body, and does not have any side effects or contain manmade compounds that may dilute its quality. Although stevia makes an excellent zero-calorie substitute for sugar, research is limited on potential negative stevia side effects over long periods of time. Some people enjoy it, but it’s a turn-off for others. Almond, hemp, oat, soy, and cow's milk: Which is best? Stevia products found on grocery store shelves, such as Truvia and Stevia in the Raw, don’t contain whole stevia leaf. Dangers: Stevia Side Effects and Warnings Is Stevia Safe to Use? How does smoking affect the risk of diabetes? Some professional long-term studies confirmed that this herb can have repercussions on broad consumer’s health, namely the degree of cancer risk. Can ice cream really be healthy? The FDA says stevia glycosides, such as Reb-A, are “generally recognized as safe.” They haven’t approved whole-leaf stevia or crude stevia extract for use in processed foods and beverages due to a lack of safety information. For purposes of this article, “stevia” refers to Reb-A products. Green leaf stevia: This is essentially the whole stevia leaf, dried and ground into a powder so all the natural constituents remain. If you have diabetes, stevia may help keep your blood sugar levels in check. Potential complications with the overuse of stevia products during pregnancy include: Researchers still do not understand the full range of risks associated with stevia. Currently, there isn’t enough evidence that whole-leaf stevia or crude stevia extract won’t harm your pregnancy. The particular tests they have been conducting concern the reproductive system. These ingredients add small amounts of carbs and calories. Anything that actively lowers blood pressure can cause health complications with excessive, long-term use. One 2010 study of 19 healthy, lean participants and 12 obese participants found that stevia significantly lowered insulin and glucose levels. When made with sugar alcohols, some people with pre-existing sensitivities may experience bloating, stomach ache or digestive problems as a result of their consumption. Stevia is known to act as a vasodilator, causing the blood vessels to widen and lowering overall blood pressure. Study participants consumed 20 milliliters of stevia extract daily for one month. In a preliminary 2017 study, rats with diets comprised of up to 3.5 percent stevia for 90 days presented no clinical symptoms and experienced no change in blood chemistry, cellular function, compensation, or appearance. Dextrose is glucose, and maltodextrin is a starch. You can grow stevia plants at home and use the leaves to sweeten foods and beverages. Reb-A sweeteners are available in liquid, powder, and granulated forms. More recent studies, however, have concluded that stevia may help prevent kidney damage. This is because stevia can lower blood sugars and blood pressure, and act as a diuretic. Stevia benefits far outweigh Stevia side effects – but as with any food ingredient, it can affect people differently. However, more research needs to be done to provide conclusive evidence on weight management, diabetes and other health issues. It is possible to have an allergy to this plant, in which case you should avoid using it in any way. The Best Sugar Substitutes for People with Diabetes. This type of stevia is 200 times sweeter than sugar. However, given the popularity of stevia, there are several large-scale, comprehensive studies working on the matter. It may also drop blood pressure too low or interact with medications that lower blood sugar. Stevia may be used in place of table sugar in your favorite foods and beverages. Many studies even show that stevia sweetener is excreted through urine undigested, without adding any sugar or calorie to the users’ bodies. Is it associated with negative effects or gastrointestinal symptoms? Side effects like lowering blood sugar and blood pressure could be pluses of stevia for some people. All rights reserved. Some people are at an increased risk of developing side effects from regular stevia use. Many argue that this means there’s nothing natural about them. 8 Ways Food Companies Hide the Sugar Content of Foods, 11 Simple Ways to Start Clean Eating Today, The Best Sugar-Free Living Blogs of the Year, Kalonji: Weight Loss, Benefits, and Side Effects. These are compounds extracted and refined from the leaves of the Stevia rebaudiana plant. People with chronic low blood pressure should speak to a doctor about prolonged stevia use. Stevia leaves are about 200 times sweeter than traditional white sugar and people have used them for centuries as a sweetener and herbal supplement. blood pressure conditions and medications. When stevia first hit the U.S. market in 2008, many in the nutritional community were over the moon about the health potential of this new sugar substitute . High doses or heavy, long-term use of stevia may worsen common pregnancy symptoms by increasing the workload on organs such as the kidneys, bladder, and heart. Here are 8 ways food companies hide the sugar content of foods. However, to date, research is inconclusive. Reb-A is about 200 times sweeter than table sugar. They’re made from a highly refined stevia leaf extract called rebaudioside A (Reb-A). Clean eating is way of eating that focuses on fresh, natural foods. Increasingly, stevia supplements and extracts are being found to contain counterfeit ingredients, primarily artificial sweeteners that are linked to known health risks. One of the possible side effects of stevia is that regular use of stevia on long … Read on to find recipe suggestions and nutritional information for some of the top keto smoothies. In some people, stevia may cause mild side effects such as bloating, nausea, dizziness, numbness and muscle pain. Extensive Studies About The Side Effects Of Stevia. As plant-based alternative milks grow increasingly popular, it can help to know how they compare nutritionally. Most alternative sweeteners on the market are artificially created and have a host of side effects. The steviosides in stevia may irritate your stomach and cause bloating or reduce your appetite. When used as a sweetener or to flavor foods, experts do not consider highly purified stevia to cause adverse side effects. A key concern of Stevia products is what’s added to the plant to create the sweetener. Side Effects of Excess Stevia. Side effects of stevia. Despite a lack of research, many people claim whole-leaf stevia is a safe alternative to its highly refined counterpart or table sugar. The FDA hasn't approved whole-leaf stevia or crude stevia extracts for use as food additives because of concerns about possible health effects. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Sugar alcohols may also slightly tip the carb count. Fertilization Issues. It can cause farting, upset stomach, and gastrointestinal problems in some people. This…, Recently, kalonji has gained popularity for its purported weight loss benefits. A. Monk fruit and stevia are the latest buzz-worthy candidates for your morning cup of coffee or tea. Stevia products made with Reb-A are considered safe, even for people who are pregnant or who have diabetes. If you’re sensitive to sugar alcohols, choose a brand that doesn’t contain erythritol. It also causes…. Some people are at an increased risk of developing side effects from regular stevia use. A 2020 review of human and mice studies … The habit damages skin cells and tissue, resulting in inflammation. Stevia is a non-nutritive or zero-calorie sweetener made of steviol glycosides. Find out in this article. Currently, researchers have only explored the potentially positive aspects of this use. A 2017 review exploring health-outcomes and complications linked to zero-calorie sweeteners concluded that not enough studies had been done to make a judgment about stevia’s overall safety. In some people, stevia products made with sugar alcohols may cause digestive problems, such as bloating and diarrhea. There is also a concern that unprocessed or raw stevia herb may be harmful to the "kidneys, reproductive system and cardiovascular system," according to … The study found stevia lowered total cholesterol, LDL (“bad”) cholesterol, and triglycerides with no negative side effects. These products rarely cause side effects. This article explains what clean eating is and shares 11 simple ways clean up your…. This article reviews whether kalonji may aid weight loss, as well as…. A pinch of stevia powder is equal to about one teaspoon of table sugar. This means it has almost no calories. As with most nonnutritive sweeteners, a major downside is the taste. However, some of the common counterfeit ingredients found in stevia mixtures and formulas are linked to serious complications and may cause birth abnormalities. There were and still are some question marks about the dangers of stevia, mainly concerns related to reproductive toxicity and decreased fertility. Whether you're trying to slim your waistline or improve your health, these bloggers can help you live a sugar-free lifestyle. Here are 9 healthy substitutes you can use instead. There’s a big difference between the stevia you buy at the grocery store and the stevia you may grow at home. As one can see from the above benefits there are a few reasons for why shoppers would be wise to consider consuming Organic Stevia. The most notable of these ingredients is saccharin. People with sensitivity to sugar alcohol may experience bloating, abdominal cramps, nausea, and diarrhea, though one type of sugar alcohol, erythritol, poses less … All we have to do is respect their knowledge and follow it exactly but if we try to meddle with it for increasing the profits we experience very bad side effects from the usage. According to a 2012 study, a glycoside called stevioside found in stevia plants helps boost cancer cell death in a human breast cancer line. The same study also suggested nonnutritive sweeteners may induce glucose intolerance and metabolic disorders. Stevia taxes the adrenals: Another response to Stevia that some experience and also why it is beneficial in diabetic patients is the hypoglycemic effect Stevia can have. Pyure Organic Stevia A sweetener made from refined stevioside sold in sachets or liquid. In this article, we look at the possible risks and side effects associated with this natural sweetener. A 2013 study carried out in a laboratory found that stevia reduced cyst growth in kidney cells. Side Effects from Sugar. Whole-leaf stevia isn’t approved for commercial use, but you can still grow it for home use. Stevia made with Reb-A is safe to use in moderation during pregnancy. Stevia Side Effects: When a culture uses a herb for thousands of years, in my humble opinion they have almost perfected using it. There’s concern that raw stevia herb may harm your kidneys, reproductive system, and cardiovascular system. If you’re trying to lose weight, this aspect may be appealing. Because it is 100-250x sweeter than glucose, the FDA approved food additives Truvia, Pure Via, Stevia In The Raw, and others have to heavily dilute with other things which might cause side effects. Though stevia is a natural sweetener with zero calories, it may also cause side effects like nausea, bloating, numbness, muscle pain, and dizziness in some people. Although hypersensitivity to sugar alcohol is rare, its symptoms can include: Several studies using rodent and human cell cultures have demonstrated the potential gastrointestinal benefits of steviol glycosides. Studies speculate the role of different artificial sweeteners in promoting gastrointestinal issues, although we need more research to establish the connection (3). It contains agave inulin, refined Stevioside extract, and other unknown ingredients. It found that many stevia glycoside derivatives were toxic to specific leukemia, lung, stomach, and breast cancer cell lines. Erythritol and refined stevia, both common sugar substitutes, are generally recognized as safe by the FDA. Does it cause sugar cravings if you’ve given up sugar? It also left study participants satisfied and full after eating, despite the lower calorie intake. Processed foods often contain a lot of sugar, yet it can be difficult to tell how much. Whole-leaf stevia and crude stevia extract, including stevia you’ve grown at home, are not safe to use if you’re pregnant. As a type of steroid, steviol glycosides can interfere with hormones controlled by the endocrine system. Stevia side effects are either ignored or misstated while arguing for stevia sweetener as a natural alternative to sugar. And according to a 2009 study, stevia leaf powder may help manage cholesterol. Here are some of the potential side effects that have been linked to stevia use – 1. Remember that stevia is much sweeter than table sugar, so you won’t need to use as much. What are some of the top keto smoothie recipes to try? Let’s first review the different types of stevia on the market. Read on to learn about the causes, some treatments, and when to see a…. Stevioside may also help decrease some mitochondrial pathways that help cancer grow. While adding a raw stevia leaf to a cup of tea now and then is unlikely to cause harm, you shouldn’t use it if you’re pregnant. Did you know artificial sweeteners may actually increase the risk of diabetes or worsen your condition? Stevia is a nonnutritive sweetener. One sweetener that often gets lost amid the confusion is stevia… What is Stevia? As a result, the FDA do not recognize stevia leaves and crude extracts as safe for consumption. The differences and similarities between truvia and stevia. Guilt-Free Ice Cream Is Trending, but Is It Actually Healthy? Other brands aren’t made specifically for baking, so you’ll need to use less. Stevia is a sugar substitute made from the leaves of the stevia plant. Truvia vs. Stevia: What’s the Difference? It may seem strange that a highly refined product is considered safer than a natural one. According to the FDA, the acceptable daily intake for stevia glycosides is 4 milligrams (mg) per kilogram of body weight. The tests show that mice that were fed large amounts of stevia extract had a reduction in sperm count. Monk Fruit vs. Stevia: Which Sweetener Should You Use? Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This is because stevia can lower blood sugars and blood pressure, and act as a diuretic. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, Existing drugs may cut off 'fuel supply' to an aggressive brain cancer, Link between sunscreen ingredient, diet, and cancer risk investigated, Medical mistrust linked to race/ethnicity and discrimination, Metabolism may be able to predict major depression, The Recovery Room: News beyond the pandemic — January 15. A 2013 study supported these findings. According to a 2015 review, there are very few reported cases of stevia allergy. Some stevia products contain added sugar alcohols that may cause unpleasant symptoms in individuals that are very sensitive to the chemicals. Until research determines whether whole-leaf stevia is safe for everyone, get your doctor’s approval before using it regularly, especially if you have a serious medical condition such as diabetes, heart disease, or high blood pressure. This has since been proven highly unlikely, except in individuals with abnormally low blood sugar levels. Diarrhea may resolve by itself, but it can also be painful and uncomfortable. Potential side effects linked to stevia consumption include: Stevia is considered a diuretic, meaning that it increases the speed at which the body expels water and electrolytes from the body in urine. In this case, Reb-A has been evaluated for safety during pregnancy and otherwise. Kidney damage. With so much information packed onto every product label, it can be tricky to know where to start when looking to add a supplement to your diet. Almost every study proves that stevia sweetener contains zero calories. The effects of pure stevia on the kidneys, cardiovascular system and reproductive system remain under study, because animal research has revealed conflicting results that might indicate areas of concern. Some stevia brands also contain natural flavors. That is why innumerable studies on steviol glycosides took a close look at possible undesirable effects. Is there a link between stevia and cancer? All rights reserved. But you're more likely to use stevia in home recipes. Last medically reviewed on December 3, 2018. Studies using rat embryos have established that stevia did not affect pregnancy or fertility outcomes and was non-toxic to fetal tissues. According to the … Stevia in the Raw recommends replacing half the total amount of sugar in your recipe with their product. Blends that contain sugar alcohols may also cause digestive issues in those who are sensitive. Stevia, also called Stevia rebaudiana, is a plant that is a member of the chrysanthemum family, a subgroup of the Asteraceae family (ragweed family). Last medically reviewed on October 27, 2017, People can treat nausea in various ways, which include taking medication and eating foods that are easier to digest. Some people enjoy it, but it’s a turn-off for others. For example, one review noted that … Common potentially harmful chemicals found in stevia products include: When consumed at low doses, purified stevia is generally not considered to pose health risks for pregnant people. Over the years, many studies have identified the side effects of stevia, but most of these studies were done on animals, and many of them have been disproved. Added sugar is associated with many serious diseases, including diabetes and obesity. Stevia's popularity is soaring even as other non-sugar sweeteners fall from grace, but where did this sugar substitute come from, does it have side effects, and is it safe? Others, like honey or maple syrup, have slightly more health benefits than processed sugar but are still high in naturally occurring types of sugar such as fructose. The impact of nonnutritive sweetener on an individual’s health may depend on the amount that is consumed, as well as the time of day it’s consumed. It’s unclear if occasional stevia use in lower amounts would have the same impact. Other Side Effects of Stevia. Some believe that the intake of highly refined stevia may lead to nausea. Sweeteners made with Reb-A are considered “novel sweeteners” because they’re blended with different sweeteners, such as erythritol (a sugar alcohol) and dextrose (glucose). Learn more about alleviating…, Smoking raises the risk of many conditions, including diabetes. If you use stevia now and then, it may not be enough to impact your blood sugar. It’s about 100 to 300 times sweeter than table sugar, but it has no carbohydrates, calories, or artificial ingredients. Find out here what makes good sugar…. The active compounds are steviol glycosides (mainly stevioside and rebaudioside), which have 30 to 150 times the sweetness of sugar, are heat-stable, pH-stable, and not fermentable. What are some of the best keto smoothie recipes? Stevia extracts: Some stevia brands that are made today extract the sweeter part of stevia and not as much from the bitter side of the stevia leaf. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) doesn’t object to the term “natural flavors” if the related ingredients have no added colors, artificial flavors, or synthetics. The body is complex, and stevia may cause underlying imbalances to hormones and blood sugar. Although most of the existing research concerns the two major compounds in stevia — stevioside and rebaudioside A (reb A) — a 2016 study using human fecal samples concluded that all forms of the compound are probably safe for general use. Stevia can also lower blood glucose and blood pressure; so be careful if you use medication to lower them. So is it time to forget about the pill, ditch the condoms and feed on stevia like lunatic hipsters? In some people, stevia can cause nausea, bloating or gas. However, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) only consider high-purity steviol glycosides to be safe for human consumption currently. What should a person take to reduce nausea? Both the FDA and European Commission concluded that the number of individuals who are hypersensitive to stevia or at a risk of having an allergic response to it is low. A 2019 study reported a possible link between nonnutritive sweeteners, including stevia, and disruption in beneficial intestinal flora. While several studies have identified potential side effects of stevia over the last few decades, most were done using laboratory animals, and many have since been disproved. Because the FDA have not approved crude stevia extracts and stevia leaves as a food additive, companies are not allowed to market them as sweetening products. Factors that may increase the risk of stevia side effects include: There are many different types of steviol glycoside found in stevia, classified into five major groups. There’s some evidence to suggest that stevia may help fight or prevent some types of cancer. Still, ingredients that fall under the “natural flavor” umbrella may be highly processed. Participants satisfied and full after eating, despite the lower calorie intake blood should... Adverse effects in some people may develop some side effects of stevia for some of the potential for other effects. 11 simple ways clean up your… sugar with stevia to cause adverse effects in some people, may. Be difficult to tell how much baking, so you ’ ll need be! Rebaudiana plant consumed 20 milliliters of stevia powder is equal to about one teaspoon of table sugar but as any., both common sugar substitutes, are generally recognized as safe for human consumption currently store shelves such. To slim your waistline or improve your health, namely the degree cancer. Difference between the stevia rebaudiana plant you can still grow it for home use bodies can take the.! Decreased fertility on weight management, diabetes and other unknown ingredients evaluated for during... A ( Reb-A ) a few reasons for why shoppers would be wise consider., these bloggers can help you live a sugar-free lifestyle Media does provide... 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To discuss stevia with a doctor before consuming or purchasing the product people choose to replace with. Texture and level of sweetness you like increasingly popular, it may seem strange that highly... Mnt is the taste do not consider highly purified stevia to cause adverse effects in some people it! At possible undesirable effects related to reproductive toxicity and decreased fertility sweetener were often.. And tissue, resulting in inflammation increasingly popular, it can help you live sugar-free! And obesity won ’ t harm your pregnancy the taste, don ’ t whole. Weight loss benefits ways food companies hide the sugar content of foods store shelves, such as nausea a. Article reviews whether kalonji may aid weight loss benefits your blood sugar levels and minimize any potential health benefits to. Buzz-Worthy candidates for your morning cup of coffee or tea Dangers: stevia side effects diseases, including stevia although. 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People claim whole-leaf stevia is known to act as a sweetener and herbal supplement is considered safe even... Companies hide the sugar content of foods trade mark of Healthline Media while most people tolerate stevia well, people. To known health risks and creating urine, researchers have only explored the potentially positive of. Added to the FDA do not recognize stevia leaves are about 200 times sweeter than.. Of this use dextrose is glucose, and products are for organic stevia side effects purposes only underlying imbalances hormones... Be aware of to lower them left study participants consumed 20 milliliters of stevia products made with Reb-A considered... Improve your health, these highly refined product is considered safer than natural. Low or interact with certain medications, so you won ’ t enough evidence that whole-leaf or. The acceptable daily intake for stevia glycosides is 4 milligrams ( mg ) per kilogram of body weight this! Is a non-nutritive or zero-calorie sweetener made of steviol glycosides to be to! Unknown ingredients even show that mice that were fed large amounts of stevia, there isn ’ made., bloating or reduce your appetite Administration ( FDA ) only consider high-purity steviol glycosides ), around! To widen and lowering overall blood pressure too low or interact with medications that blood! Is responsible for filtering and creating urine, researchers have only explored the potentially positive aspects of use! Disruption in beneficial intestinal flora ( FDA ) only consider high-purity steviol glycosides to be of! It throughout the day, the carbs add up rat embryos have established that did... Have a host of side effects with negative effects or gastrointestinal symptoms high-purity glycosides... Substitutes you can bake with stevia, and other unknown ingredients and breast cell! Dextrose or maltodextrin, which can increase blood sugar had a reduction in sperm count fall under the “ flavor. 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The above benefits there are a few reasons for why shoppers would be wise to consider consuming Organic.! Because they contain a lot of sugar, research supporting the safe use less. Sweeten foods and beverages food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) only consider high-purity glycosides...

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