Water is continuously transferred between the atmosphere and the oceans. A drainage basin is an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries (river system). Badwater Basin in Death Valley, California. A round, wide, shallow container, as for holding water to wash in. Vertical displacement along the faults (normal faulting) creates the basin. For example, the total area drained by the Mississippi River constitutes its drainage basin, whereas that part of the Mississippi River drained by the Ohio River is the Ohio’s drainage basin. Match. Tectonic activity is responsible for such phenomena as earthquakes and volcanoes. Open System – is a system that transfers both matter and energy can cross its boundary to the surrounding environment. Flashcards. BSL Geography Glossary - Catchment Area/Drainage Basin - definition. A kidney-shaped basin is commonly used as an emesis receptacle. When combined, the two make up basin … basin: 1 a receptacle for collecting or holding fluids. In geography, a basin is a particular region of the world where the earth's surface is lower than in other places. Most ecosystems are example of open systems. River basins have typical features, these include: Tributary – a smaller river or stream flowing into a larger river. In geology, a basin is defined as a bounded area where the rock within the boundaries dips inward toward the center.By contrast, a range is a single line of mountains or hills forming a connected chain of land higher than the surrounding area. A geological basin is a large low-lying area. [2] Geologists call this region the Basin and Range Province. Structural basins for… Write. To understand resilience with more precision, we need to first understand the concept of a system state. An example of a basin is the Amazon Basin where the Amazon River and all its branches and tributaries drain. Because the basin is low-lying, it collects sediment. Basin definition is - an open usually circular vessel with sloping or curving sides used typically for holding water for washing. It was that day his ma and her husband took us up in Governor's Basin for a picnic. It includes water found in the water table and su… rock-basin: In physical geography , a basin or hollow in a rock. [1]p611 The result has been the creation of a large and still-growing region of relatively thin crust; the region grew an average of 1 inch (2.5 cm) per year initially and then slowed to 0.3 inches (0.76 cm) per year in the last 5 million years. Basins are formed by forces above the ground (like erosion) or below the ground (like earthquakes). In rough terms, the more resilient a system is, the larger a disturbance it can handle. 3 (also basinful /ˈbeɪsənfʊl/) the amount of liquid that a basin can contain a basin of hot water 4 Gravity. A drainage basin is the area of land that it drained by a river and its tributaries. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples A broad tract of land in which the rock strata are tilted toward a common center. Definition: When rain falls on an area of land, the water travels downhill and typically collects into a lake or travels on through a river. geologic history of London In London: Geologic foundation The London Basin is a wedge-shaped declivity bounded to the south by the chalk of North Downs, running north to south, and to the north by the chalk outcrop of the Chiltern Hills, running up in a northeasterly direction from the Goring Gap. Watershed definition watershed: areaof land draining into a river networkconverging to an outlet the area of the watershed is delimited by the topographic (=drainage) divide outlined on a topographic map Hydrology –Basin characteristics –Autumn Semester 2017 3 The basin of a river or body of water is the land that surrounds it and the streams that flow into it. All the land drained by a river and its branches. All Rights Reserved. 4. Terms in this set (14) Drainage Basin - an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries- source, mouth, tributary, confluence, water shed. This page was last changed on 15 January 2021, at 22:21. Harris, Ann G.; Tuttle, Esther; Tuttle, Sherwood D. 1997. PLAY. A small body of water that is artificially enclosed. An open, shallow, usually round container used especially for holding liquids. A basin is also a sheltered area of water deep enough for boats, or an area of land that is lower … sin (bā′sĭn) n. 1. a. In the eastern Mediterranean the mean depth is nearly the same as in the western basin. Physical Geography - Drainage Basin. We will explore an extraordinary body of water called a bay. Tectonic activity is the movement of large pieces of the Earths crust, called tectonic plates. Geology of National Parks. Structural basins are formed by tectonic activity. Rivers may run down into the basin from surrounding mountains. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water. During the California Gold Rush of the 1850s and 1860s, miner s in Northern California dumped tons of material into the … An example of a basin is a container in which laundry can be handwashed. river basin in Geography topic. A confluence – where a river joins another river. A river basin is an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries. Starting around 16 million years ago in the Miocene, and continuing into the present, a large part of the North American Plate has been stretched by being pulled apart. Water does not come into or leave planet earth. The area where this happens is called a Catchment Area. A bay is The strata which form are quite different from inland basin lakes. Geology. a natural or artificial hollow place containing water. Our planet is often viewed as a closed system. She ignored his question and turned away, moving to a small basin of water. 3. a. Drainage basin, also called catchment area, or (in North America) watershed, area from which all precipitation flows to a single stream or set of streams. a partially enclosed, sheltered area along a shore, often partly man-made or dredged to a greater depth, where boats may be moored: a yacht basin. A basin is a container that holds water and is used for washing, but you probably just call it your bathroom sink. Other terms that are used to describe a basin are: drainage basin, catchment, catchment area, catchment basin, drainage area, river basin, water basin, endorheic basin and watershed.[5]. Let's grab our life jackets and hop on an imaginary boat together! A low-lying area on the Earth's surface in which thick layers of sediment have accumulated. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English river basin ˈriver ˌbasin noun [countable] SG an area from which all the water flows into the same river Examples from the Corpus river basin • Another use of the simulation model might be to assess the effect of increasing the urban area lying within a river basin. The definition of a shallow container which will hold liquids such as water, or a shallow, bowl-shapped depression on land filled with water, or when rock layers all tilt away from a center area. a round container attached to the wall in a bathroom, where you wash your hands and face SYN sink a wash basin 2 a large bowl-shaped container for liquids or food Fill the basin with the cake mixture. A geological basin is a large low-lying area. The land area that is drained by a river and its tributaries. An example of a basin isthe Nashville Basin in Tennessee where all of the rock strata angle down and away from Nashville. an area in which the strata dip from the margins toward a common center. Geological basins are one of the two most common places inland which collect sediment (the other is lakes). b. The natural processes of weathering and erosion also contribute to forming structural basins. A small enclosed or partly enclosed body of water. The Amazon and the Mississippi river systems are like this. A basin is a hollow or depression in the earth’s surface, wholly or partly surrounded by higher land such as a river basin. The type of rocks which form there tell about the palaeoclimate of the continent. The geography of the San Francisco Bay has changed dramatically due to human activity in the 19th and 20th centuries, for instance. Spell. Drainage Density b. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Definition - What does River Basin mean? Learn. The western Mediterranean is cut off by a bank crossing the narrow strait between Sicily and Cape Bon, usually known as the Adventure Bank, on which the depth is nowhere 200 fathoms. STUDY. A river basin sends all the water that falls within it to a central river, and from there to the ocean. Basins form through tectonic processes, especially … On the previous page, we saw that the idea of carrying capacity is closely related to the idea of sustainability. Any shallow, rounded hollow or depression, often containing water, as a pond. It is beautifully situated in the centre of a valley basin on a plateau 3500 ft. Resilience is a property of systems related to how a system responds to a disturbance or stressor. They are often a source of valuable oil. https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basin_(geology)&oldid=7272375, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. There are no inputs or outputs.The drainage basin hydrological system is a local open system. The amount that such a vessel can hold. Some basins are bowl-shaped while others are elongate. The water may drain into underground aquifers, or evaporate to form salt lakes. Geological basins are one of the two most common places … Most basins, however, are drainage basins with rivers bringing their water into the sea. An open, shallow, usually round container used especially for holding liquids. A washbowl; a sink. Open and Closed Systems. A great hollow in the earth's surface filled by an ocean. Flo_Ss. A wide, depressed area in which the rock layers all incline toward a central area. This body of water is full of complex habitats that need to be protected. Drainage basin (hydrology), a topographic region in which all water drains to a common area Endorheic basin, a closed topographic low area with no drainage outlet Impact basin, a large impact crater Retention basin, stormwater runoff to prevent flooding and downstream erosion which includes a … An artificially enclosed area of a river or harbor designed so that the water level remains unaffected by tidal changes. They showed us their hidden, rock-basin mountain lake a mile from town, and we repaired pipelines so the town once again had gravity-fed water. Some basins, such as the Great Basin, do not drain to the sea. A system’s state is the general configuratio… A body of water that is connected to the sea and is partially or almost completely enclosed by land. 5th ed, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing. They can be created over thousands of years or almost overnight. Many such rivers meander through a web of islands at the river delta, and bring along a huge amount of sediment in the form of mud, clay and sand. The Great Basin region has numerous fault block basins and intervening ranges. This is known as the global hydrological cycle. River basin definition: A river basin is the area of land from which all the water flows into a particular river. Floods or lakes may form with no outlet to the sea. It is often below sea level. The strata which forms gives clues as to the palaeoclimate. A drainage basin is the area of land that it drained by a river and its tributaries. It is often below sea level. 2. A low-lying area on the Earth's surface in which thick layers of sediment have accumulated. How to use basin in a sentence. He retrieved her glass from the basin of the sink and poured her more wine. Test. A large, bowl-shaped depression in the surface of the land or ocean floor. The geology is of interest to oil prospectors, hydrologists and palaeontologists. Basins form through tectonic processes, especially in fault-bordered intermontane areas or in areas where the Earth's crust has warped downwards. A river basin is the area of land over which surface run-off flows via streams, rivers, and lakes into the sea. Pulling forces causes rock at depth to stretch like silly putty and rock closer to the surface to break along normal faults into downfallen basins called grabens. Bays can be found all around the world. Created by. [3][4] Evaporation occurs; more sediment arrives, and so on. This system is a closed system. The mean depth of the western basin is estimated at 881 fathoms, and the deepest sounding recorded is 2040 fathoms. Some basins are bowl-shaped while others are elongate. An artesian basin is a low-lying region where groundwater is cramped under pressure from surrounding layers of rock. A region drained by a single river system. A region drained by a river and its tributaries. Geograhy Terms and Definitions Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Closed System – is a system that transfers energy, but not matter, across its boundary to the surrounding environment. They showed us their hidden, rock-basin mountain lake a mile from town, and we repaired pipelines so the town once again had gravity-fed water. Here we’re going to explore another closely related idea: resilience. Our American King. 2 term used to describe the shape of the pelvis. The smallest basin is the fault block basin (graben), which is typical of basin-and-range terrain. Amazon and the deepest sounding recorded is 2040 fathoms to how a system that transfers energy, not. 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