In Canada, the Atlantic walrus inhabits coastal areas in the northeastern Canadian Arctic. Highly social in nature, huge herds of walruses haul out (leave the water to get on land) on sea ice to rest and bear their young. Habitat. According to IUCN, the overall population of walrus is likely greater than 225,000 individuals, comprising of about 25,000 Atlantic walruses and 200,000 Pacific walruses. There are two sub-species of walruses. Atlantic walrus inhabit coastal areas of Canada and Greenland, and Pacific walrus are found in the northern seas off Alaska and Russia. Drone footage shows thousands of sea mammals laying on … MOSCOW (Reuters) - Scientists in northern Russia have discovered a huge walrus haulout on the shores of the Kara Sea where their habitat is under threat from shrinking ice and human activity. Male Pacific walrus are slightly larger, with longer tusks. Atlantic walruses can be found from northeast Canada to Greenland, while Pacific walruses are seen off Russia and Alaska. • Scuba divers would be most likely to see walruses on an Arctic dive expedition around Svalbard, Norway. Walruses have very thick whiskers that are very sensitive, helping them find clams, shrimp, crabs, tube worms and other small invertebrates on the seafloor. They float on large chucks of ice during the winter and spring. Walruses congregate in groups of thousands to migrate south in the winter months and north in the summer as the ice floor recedes and expands. Atlantic walruses occupy a large area but relatively narrow ecological niche. Both males and females have them, although the males’ tusks are much longer. 1. There are currently three different types of walruses: Atlantic, Pacific, and Láptev Sea; the point they have most in common is that they are all kept in the region closest to the poles. A baby walrus is called a calf. A thick layer of blubber insulates the walrus. The walrus is a flippered marine mammal that is the only living species in the Odobenidae family. Walruses are very large: adult males weigh between 1,000 to 2,000 kilograms. TUCSON, Ariz. (KOLD News 13) - Scientists in northern Russia discovered a huge Atlantic walrus haulout on the shores of the Kara Sea where their habitat is under threat from shrinking ice and human activity. Laptev walruses (Odobenus rosmarus laptevi) are found in the Laptev Sea. 1995). Atlantic walruses range from Canada to northern Europe, while Pacific walruses range from Alaska to northern Russia. 7. True | False 4. Atlantic walruses reach full sexual maturity only at the age of five or six years, and the active mating season in such pinniped animals occurs in April and May. Male walruses rarely live beyond 15 years in the wild, due the dangers and rigors of maintaining a harem. There are 2 populations of walrus: the Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) and the Atlantic walrus (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus). Pacific walruses live in the northern seas near Russia and Alaska. The walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) is a large marine mammal found inhabiting the freezing cold and icy waters of the Arctic Circle. There are three species of walrus – Atlantic Walrus, Pacific Walrus, and O.R. The word pinniped means fin or flipper-footed and refers to the marine mammals that have front and rear flippers. In addition, there must be ice or land nearby to ‘haul out’. Walrus Distribution and Habitat. Walruses spend half their time on land and the other half in water. Back to top Resources. When a walrus is in danger or is hunting and needs to break the ice, it does so by smashing its head against the frozen floor; then it uses its tusks to open a hole in the floor. With tusks like theirs, it is easy to see why walruses are some of the most recognizable animals on the planet. 1980). Online Resources There are three walrus populations in Canada: High Arctic, Central/Low Arctic and Nova Scotia-Newfoundland- Gulf of St Lawrence (extirpated). The habitat requirements of the Atlantic Walrus are very specific. Atlantic walrus only make up about 20,000 of the total walrus population. HABITAT and HABITS. A female walrus is called a cow. Learn more about the Atlantic walrus and be aware of human threats to their survival, such as underwater noise, water pollution and oil spills. The walrus is very interesting, and often misunderstood. Walruses live in the Northern Hemisphere in the Arctic. The ICUN classifies the walrus as "Vulnerable", a current population trend for both subspecies is still unknown. Atlantic walruses live in the coastal areas along northeastern Canada to Greenland. Fun Facts. The Atlantic walrus is one of the most iconic marine mammals of the Arctic, thanks to its large, ivory tusks. Male Pacific walrus are slightly larger, with longer tusks. Walruses are found throughout the northern Atlantic and Pacific Oceans where they inhabit ice floes and rocky coastlines, along with spending a great deal of time in the freezing cold water. This is a relatively narrow ecological niche (Born et al. Walruses are pinnipeds. They need large areas of shallow, open water (80 m or less), which support an abundant clam community. Male Atlantic walruses weight an average of 1,984 lb (900 kg) while females 1,235 lb (560 kg). Laptev walruses are the smallest subspecies of walrus with only a few thousand living currently in the Laptev Sea and the least is known about them. Walrus females give birth when they are around 10 years old, and males reach sexual maturity at this time as well. It is divided into three subspecies according to their habitats: Atlantic Walrus, Pacific walrus, and Arctic walrus. They spend lots of time in the water looking for clams. The Atlantic walrus needs continued protection. The worldwide population of the walrus is estimated at 250,000. There are 2 sub-species of walruses, Atlantic and Pacific. The Atlantic Walrus ranged historically from the central Canadian Arctic east to the Kara Sea, north to Svalbard and south to Nova Scotia. Artists carve walrus ivory, and this practice provides cultural benefits and much-needed income. Walruses and people. Atlantic Walruses live near Northern Canada to Greenland. 6. Behavior. There are two subspecies: the Atlantic walrus (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus) and the Pacific walrus (O. rosmarus divergens). In the absence of humans, they probably require large areas of shallow water (80 m or less) v with bottom substrates that support a productive bivalve community, the reliable Other articles where Atlantic walrus is discussed: walrus: There are two subspecies: the Atlantic walrus (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus) and the Pacific walrus (O. rosmarus divergens). The Atlantic Walrus and the Pacific Walrus. The Atlantic walrus and the Pacific walrus are divided geographically. Younger walrus have dark brown skin, but they get lighter as they get older until they almost turn pink. These tusks are actually elongated canine teeth. Walruses use their whiskers to detect shellfish in the dark waters of the ocean. Atlantic walruses require large areas of shallow water (80 m or less) with bottom substrates that support a productive bivalve community, open water over these feeding areas, and suitable ice or land nearby upon which to haul out (Davis et al. Habitat. Habitat Atlantic walruses occupy a large area but relatively narrow ecological niche. Atlantic walruses (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus) resides in the eastern and western Atlantic Ocean. These waters are less than 80 to 100 m deep, and contain benthic invertebrates, the main food of the Walrus. And as the Arctic opens up to more shipping, tourism, industry and noise, the Atlantic walruses are at greater threat of disturbance, and therefore stampedes. Habitat The brilliant Atlantic Walrus is home to the many cold waters of the Atlantic Ocean including the Bering Sea, James Bay, and the Labrador Coast and in spite of them being big, clumsy and rather slow-moving they can be seen moving on to land and basking in the sun. Walrus are migrational so where they live will vary based on the time of the year. Walrus, huge, seal-like mammal with long tusks (upper canine teeth) found in the Arctic seas. Laptev walruses live in the Laptev Sea of Russia. Most walruses live where the air temperature is about -15° to 5°C (5° to 41°F). Walruses once occurred in the Atlantic provinces of Canada, but this population was hunted to … Diet. Walruses are discontinuously distributed throughout arctic waters of the northern hemisphere. Female walruses, however, may live up to 25 or 30 years. Walrus Facts: What Do Walruses Eat? In the summer they live on the shore. Here are some very interesting facts about these amazing creatures! The walrus lives in the Arctic, North Atlantic, and North Pacific oceans. ©Wellcome Images / CC-BY. In water, walrus can reach 35 km/h, but they prefer a sedate 7 km/h. Clams are a walrus' favorite food. The three subspecies are found in Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic Oceans respectively. In the absence of humans, they probably require large areas of shallow water (80 m or less) with bottom substrates that support a productive bivalve community, the reliable presence of open water over these feeding areas, and suitable ice or land nearby upon which to haul out. Pacific walruses are migratory, inhabiting the Bering Sea in winter, before migrating to the Chukchi Sea to summer. Laptevi Walrus. During the winter, Walruses live in areas where water does not freeze, such as polynyas. These ever growing gatherings can be deadly, especially for young calves. Walruses spend about two-thirds of their lives in the water. Facts about Walruses . Habitat and Life History. Walruses inhabit areas of Arctic water where there are ice floes drifting on the shallow waters above the continental shelf. Do your best to reduce these threats wherever possible to protect the Atlantic walrus’ vital habitat. Five final facts on walrus tusks, weight, calves, and diet. 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