Please see. Common name. Common Names. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." Smooth Cord-grass in English Spartine à feuilles alternes in French borraza in Spanish hu hua mi cao in language. Spartina alterniflora.jpg 1,502 × 966; 437 KB The book of grasses - an illustrated guide to the common grasses, and the most common of the rushes and sedges (1912) (14783466823).jpg 2,114 × … The rhizomes and scales of S. alterniflora have large air spaces, presumably an adaptation to the anaerobic soils of its usual habitat. Spartina alterniflora var. Flower Info; Sightings; Share. China. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Sheaths mostly glabrous, throat glabrous or minutely pilose, lower sheaths often wrinkled; ligules 1-2 mm; blades to 60 cm long, 3-25 mm wide, lower blades shorter than those above, usually flat basally, becoming involute distally, abaxial surfaces glabrous, adaxial surfaces glabrous or sparsely pilose, margins usually smooth, sometimes slightly scabrous, apices attenuate. Spartina alterniflora var. Distribution salt-water cordgrass in language. Similar Species: Denseflower cordgrass (Spartina densiflora Brongn. It hybridizes with S. maritima in Europe, with S. pectinata in Massachusetts, and with S. foliosa in California. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Smooth Cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora)Alternate common name: Saltwater Cordgrass, Marsh Grass. The State Noxious Weed Control Board, USA. As a result, the genus Spartina was incorporated into the genus Sporobolus following a reclassification in 2014. Common name: Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, smooth cordgrass Assessors: Irina Lapina. A molecular phylogeny and new subgeneric classification of Sporobolus (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Sporobolinae). Common Name: CORD GRASS. more defensible. Spartina anglica (Common Cordgrass) is a species of cordgrass that originated in southern England in about 1870. Synonymous scientific names none known. It is not just our beloved Spartina alterniflora that has gotten a name change, though; all species that were before placed in the genus Spartina have now been reclassified to the genus Sporobolus. Vigorous and invasive Spartina species introduced from the eastern coast of North America. It is an allotetraploid species derived from the hybrid Spartina × townsendii, which arose when the European native cordgrass Spartina maritima (Small Cordgrass) hybridised with the introduced American Spartina alterniflora (Smooth Cordgrass). This means that saltmeadow cordgrass, one of our beautiful high marsh plants and previously known as Spartina patens, is now called Sporobolus pumilus. PLANTS Characteristics Data Fields and Definitions for more than 100 Characteristics Common names: Smooth cordgrass Spartine alterniflore Synonyms: Spartina alterniflora var. To see a detailed map, click here. Sources: Peterson, P. M., Romaschenko, K., Arrieta, Y. H., and J. M. Saarela. Sporobolus alterniflorus, or synonymously known as Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes. Name Authority; Spartina alterniflora var. Common cordgrass (Spartina anglica C. Hubbard) The State Noxious Weed Control Board. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Leaf: basal and cauline; sheath open, > internodes, glabrous, margin of sheath opening sometimes with long, shaggy hairs; ligule a fringe of hairs, 0.5--2 mm; blade flat … Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. ), English cordgrass (Spartina anglica C.E. Search. Voting & Elections alterni-flora (Loiseleur) St.-Yves; S. stricta Roth var. Related Species: There are no native Spartina species in Alaska. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. It grows in low-lying, salt and brackish tidal marshes along the shores of the middle and lower Chesapeake Bay. Search. State Nursery Container Description / Features / Specs Price; FL . Atlantic cordgrass. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. Culms to 250 cm tall, (0.3)5-15(20) mm thick, erect, solitary or in small clumps, succulent, glabrous, having an unpleasant, sulphurous odor when fresh. « Back to Records. Structural class. Spartina alterniflora • Class A: Family Name: Gramineae Family (gram-IN-ay-ee) Common: Poaceae family, True Grasses : Genus: Spartina (spar-TEE-nuh) Meaning: From the Greek meaning a cord made from this grass: Species: alterniflora (al-tern-ih-FLOR-uh) Meaning: Alternating flowers Flower Info; Sightings; Share. Our team has become especially well-acquainted with this grass, known by most as Spartina alterniflora, as we have visited hundreds of tidal wetland sites over the years. Locations Directory Look for it in salt marshes, per Weakley's Flora. Aquatic Plants of Florida, Inc. Sarasota, FL. In perusing the Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States , note that the Spartina -to- Sporobolus change is not the only recent change. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Spartina alterniflora FAMILY Poaceae. Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae . According to the key S. alterniflora (Loisel.) Video ID segment (2-3 minutes) Online image request form. Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. Cordgrass, common (Spartina anglica), dense-flowered (Spartina densiflora), saltmeadow (Spartina patens), and smooth (Spartina alterniflora) glyphosate (Rodeo and others) Rate 2 to 3.75 lb ae/a broadcast, 2% to 5% solution through hand-held equipment, or 33% solution with wiper applicators. Smooth cordgrass came to Washington in the late 1800s, either in shipments of oysters […] Trachynotia alterniflora (Loisel.) Spartina alterniflora. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. Fernald. pilosa (Merr.) It out-competes many of the native species in these habitats and frequently invades mud flats and channels, converting them to marshlands. S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers.S. Similarly, big saltmarsh cordgrass, a common plant in Delaware’s brackish marshes, has changed scientific names from Spartina cynosuroides to Sporobolus cynosuroides. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. Habitat Salt marshes datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species hybrid.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Spartina maritima x alterniflora = S. x townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves May be submerged at high tide. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. STATE. glabra (Bigelow) Fernald: Spartina glabra: Bigelow: Common names. Common Names. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Spartina townsendii: its mode of establishment, economic uses and taxonomic status. Grows 3 to 7 feet high. IPCN. Delaware Courts Spartina alterniflora is considered a serious threat to coastal ecosystems in Washington and California. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. Common Name: SALTMARSH CORDGRASS; SMOOTH CORDGRASS: Plant Notes: As part of the genus Sporobolus, this taxon takes the name Sporobolus alterniflorus. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Home > Name Search > Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Spartina in New Zealand. NVS code Help. did, making the results found by Peterson et al. Spartina alterniflora x S. foliosa Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso. and Labr. 1916. Spartina alterniflora Smooth Cordgrass . Common name. Conn., N.J., N.Y., Wash., Del., Fla., N.H., Tex., La., N.C., S.C., Ala., Miss., R.I., Va., Calif., Ga., N.B., Nfld. Gross Receipts Tax Plants rhizomatous; rhizomes elongate, flaccid, white, scales inflated, not or only slightly imbricate. Help Center Atlantic cordgrass in language. Partridge TR, 1987. Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. alterniflora (Loiseleur) A. TAXON, 63: 1212-1243. Home > Plant Directory > Spartina alterniflora. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. alterniflora (Loiseleur) Merrill; S. maritima (Curtis) Fernald var. Spartina alterniflora: Scientific name Spartina alterniflora: Additional name information: Loisel. State Agencies Common Name: Smooth cordgrass Spartina alterniflora Loisel. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Mobile Apps This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Spartina alterniflora var. Appendix A (TABLE A1). Common names Amerikansk vadegræs in Danish Atlantic cordgrass in language. While in the grass family, S. alterniflora loves wet soils and brackish salinities. Spartina alterniflora Smooth Cordgrass . ... Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Common Name: smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass: Authority: Loisel. pilosa : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina alterniflora var. It has been reclassified as Sporobolus montevidensisafter a taxonomic revision in 2014, but Spartina densiflorais still in common usage. A shorter form, 6 to 12 inches high, occurs in low-oxygen areas of the high marsh. List of arthropod species recorded during the nitrogen manipulation experiment. It out-competes many of the native species in these habitats and frequently invades mud flats and channels, converting them to marshlands. Spartina alterniflora : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Spartina alterniflora ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Habit: Perennial herb, generally with rhizomes. INCLUDING Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Spartina alterniflora + COMMON NAME: Saltmarsh Cordgrass, Smooth Cordgrass. ... Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Delaware State Code Status: Native, OBL (DEP), OBL (NWPL) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens Englisches Schlickgras (German), rice grass (English), townsends grass (English), common cord grass (English) Synonym. Spartina x townsendii, fertile amphidiploid ... Spartina (Spartina alterniflora, S. anglica). Glumes straight, sides usually glabrous, sometimes pilose near the base or appressed pubescent, hairs to 0.3 mm; lower glumes 4-10 mm, acute; upper glumes 8-14 mm, keels glabrous, lateral veins not present, apices acuminate to obtuse, occasionally apiculate; lemmas glabrous or sparsely pilose, apices usually acuminate; paleas slightly exceeding the lemmas, thin, papery, apices obtuse or rounded; anthers 3-6 mm. A shorter form, 6 to 12 inches high, occurs in low-oxygen areas of the high marsh. E-mail / Text Alerts Spartina alterniflora is distributed widely along the Atlantic coast from Newfoundland in North America south along the South American continent to Argentina. Personal Income Tax Delaware's Governor Tax Center Common name: Smooth cordgrass S. alterniflora S. anglica S. densiflora S. foliosa S.patens Stems Diameter 5-14 mm 5 mm 3-16 mm 7-12 mm 1.5-4 mm at base Height up … Other scientific names. State Regulations As a result, the genus Spartina was incorporated into the genus Sporobolus following a reclassification in 2014. Journal of Ecology, 13:74-91. Grass, Sedge, or Rush By: Chris Daehler. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Appearance: Tall, smooth grass. According to the key S. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Spartina alterniflora commonly known as smooth cord grass is a species that inhabits marsh habitat in its native range, where introduced It is known to establish itself in wave-protected mud and sand flats and grow very quickly into dense impenetrable stands. Public Meetings American spartina. Withholding Tax 2014. Introduction of foreign species. Tropicos. In addition, it has become established on the west coast of North America, and in England and southeastern France. Teal, in Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 2001. Seacoast Plants of the Carolinas was one of the first popular publications to use the new nomenclature. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. Closely related California non-natives: 3. Copyright for Volumes 24 and 25 is held by Utah State University. ), N.S., P.E.I., Que., Maine, Md., Mass., Oreg. Gray; Trachynotia alterniflora (Loiseleur) Candolle. Spartina bakeri Marsh Grass, Sand Cordgrass1 Edward F. Gilman2 1. Cities & Towns Smooth cord grass is a native on the U.S. Atlantic coast (yellow in map below), but is considered to be a non-native invasive plant on the U.S. Pacific coast (green in map below). Their study showed that Spartina and Sporobolus are not 2 separate genera, but rather, that plants in the Spartina group actually belong within the Sporobolus genus. Panicles 10-40 cm, with 3-25 branches, often partially enclosed in the uppermost sheath; branches 5-15 cm, loosely appressed, not twisted, more or less equally subremote to moderately imbricate throughout the panicle, axes often prolonged beyond the distal spikelets, with 10-30 spikelets. Grasses. Such molecular studies can clarify, and sometimes refute, older proposed classifications. Delaware Topics Weakley’s flora makes the change from Spartina alterniflora to Sporobolus alterniflorus. When we think of Delaware’s coastlines, nothing comes to mind quite like the beautiful, expansive marshes full of saltmarsh cordgrass blowing in the gentle sea breeze. It is native to the coastline of southern South America, where it is a … Habit: Perennial herb, generally with rhizomes.Stem: erect, unbranched.Leaf: basal and cauline; sheath open, > internodes, glabrous, margin of sheath opening sometimes with long, shaggy hairs; ligule a fringe of hairs, 0.5--2 mm; blade flat to inrolled, long tapered, upper surface ridged.Inflorescence: panicle-like; each spike-like branch with 2 rows of overlapping spikelets on lower side of axis. Surprisingly, these name changes are not as new as they may seem. Normile, D. 2004. Details; Images (6) Synonyms (152) Accepted Names (1) References (39) ... Common Names: hu hua mi cao No References available … Documentation: Spartina alterniflora is native to the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of North America, occurring from Newfoundland … Common Name(s): Smooth cord grass. ITIS TSN: 41267 (click on the taxonomic serial number to view the ITIS web page) Habitats: Salinity Zone: Brackish water, Salinity Zone: Marine: GCE Contact: Steven C. Pennings, University of … State Nursery Container Description / Features / Specs Price; FL Crosscreek Environmental, Inc. Palmetto, FL. Decaploid plants tend to be larger than octoploids, but they cannot be reliably distinguished without a chromosome count. pilosa : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina alterniflora var. Within this context, the phylogenetic relationships provided by Peterson et al. Oliver FW, 1925. 1916. Vascular – Exotic. Spartina alterniflora is now a major weed problem in southeastern China (Normile 2004). Trachynotia alterniflora Steud. Spartina glabra Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes.It has been reclassified as Sporobolus alterniflorus after a taxonomic revision in 2014, but Spartina alterniflora is still in common usage. May be submerged at high tide. pilosa Spartina alterniflora var. Native to Florida. Pure S. alterniflora grows within the lower elevational marsh zones in its native range but, in San Francisco Bay, its hybrids with S. foliosa grow both below and above the range of that species. S. alterniflora grows 2 to 6 feet high and is typically found in the lower elevation areas of the salt marsh and immediately alongside tidal creeks and ditches. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. It’s time to become reacquainted with our tidal marsh inhabitants! 6% to 10% Common X 11% to 25% Fairly common Unknown Unknown 26% to 50% Uncommon > 50% Rare . In perusing the Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, note that the Spartina-to-Sporobolus change is not the only recent change. 1989, Shields 1999). Seacoast Plants of the Carolinas was one of the first popular publications to use the new nomenclature. Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis. Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. glabra Treatment appears in FNA Volume 25 . Corporations Franchise Tax Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. , occurs in low-oxygen areas of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, but is considered,! Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for composite. Tolerant grasses Irina Lapina Mid-Atlantic States, note that the genus Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of separate... Natives Spartina foliosa, S. anglica ) Scientific name: Saltwater cordgrass, Marsh grass maritima ( Curtis Fernald... 24 and 25 is held by Utah state University originated in Southern England in about 1870 x,. Established on the west coast from Newfoundland in North America South along the Georgia coast saltmarsh cordgrass, cordgrass. 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Peterson et al, these name changes are not as new as they may seem about 1870 information:.! Sporobolus as well as new as they may seem hua mi cao in language Inc. Sarasota, FL montevidensisafter taxonomic... And coastal estuaries Cordgrass1 Edward F. Gilman2 1 few years, the Spartina. Related species: denseflower cordgrass the past few years, the smooth cordgrass is the only recent change a grass... Originated in Southern England in about 1870 common cordgrass ) is a rhizomatous perennial grass expands! U.S. state Plants have slowly begun to take hold: 178 in Massachusetts, saltmeadow... Plants tend to be larger than octoploids, but is considered a serious threat coastal. 5Th, 2019 in Outreach by Utah state University Washington and California them to marshlands natives Spartina foliosa S.. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium found. Grow on the plant listing below to view the nursery information document FPS-554! The Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension out-competes many of the native species in these habitats and frequently mud... For a composite list of Weeds of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, note that the Sporobolus...

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