[286][287], According to the 2016 American Community Survey (five-year average), 68.6% of working city of Atlanta residents commuted by driving alone, 7% carpooled, 10% used public transportation, and 4.6% walked. [105][106] Warm air from the Gulf of Mexico can bring spring-like highs while strong Arctic air masses can push lows into the teens °F (−7 to −12 °C). The Georgia State Capitol building, located downtown, houses the offices of the governor, lieutenant governor and secretary of state, as well as the General Assembly. Atlanta is served by The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, its only major daily newspaper with wide distribution. The nickname is factually accurate, as vegetation covers 47.9% of the city as of 2017,[296] the highest among all major American cities, and well above the national average of 27%. [238], Atlanta offers resources and opportunities for amateur and participatory sports and recreation. Georgia is known as the "Peach State" because of the growers' reputation for producing the highest quality fruit. In 2017, AFRD responded to over 100,000 calls for service over a coverage area of 135.7 square miles (351.5 square kilometres). Atlanta Mayor Keisha … In soccer, Atlanta has hosted numerous international friendlies and CONCACAF Gold Cup matches. Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport is the world's busiest airport as measured by passenger traffic and aircraft traffic. Georgia-grown peaches are recognized for their superior flavor, texture, appearance and nutritious qualities - a peach is featured on the U.S. Mint's Georgia quarter. [127], Of the total population five years and older, 83.3% spoke only English at home, while 8.8% spoke Spanish, 3.9% another Indo-European language, and 2.8% an Asian language. While the games experienced transportation and accommodation problems and, despite extra security precautions, there was the Centennial Olympic Park bombing,[67] the spectacle was a watershed event in Atlanta's history. Atlanta (/ætˈlæntə/) is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Georgia. [135], Atlanta has a thriving and diverse lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community. Cycling is a growing mode of transportation in Atlanta, more than doubling since 2009, when it comprised 1.1% of all commutes (up from 0.3% in 2000). [292][298], The city's lush tree canopy, which filters out pollutants and cools sidewalks and buildings, has increasingly been under assault from man and nature due to heavy rains, drought, aged forests, new pests, and urban construction. The Georgia Institute of Technology is a prominent public research university in Midtown. At the same time, in an effort to change the culture of those receiving subsidized housing, the AHA imposed a requirement for such residents to work (or be enrolled in a genuine, limited-time training program). Atlanta contains several outdoor attractions. Atlanta contains a campus of the Savannah College of Art and Design, a private art and design university that has proven to be a major factor in the recent growth of Atlanta's visual art community. At the end of this year, for the first time since 1989, Atlanta … [223] Also, Atlanta is within a few hours driving distance of many of the universities that make up the Southeastern Conference, college football's most profitable and popular conference,[224] and annually hosts the SEC Championship Game. The peach develops from a single ovary that ripens into both a fleshy, juicy exterior that forms the edible part of the fruit and a hard interior, called the stone or pit, that encloses the seed(s). [206] Many restaurants opened in the city's gentrifying neighborhoods have received praise at the national level, including Bocado, Bacchanalia, and Miller Union in West Midtown, Empire State South in Midtown, and Two Urban Licks and Rathbun's on the east side. [239], Atlanta is governed by a mayor and the Atlanta City Council. [46] The Research Building was expanded, and a $300,000 (equivalent to $3,000,000 in 2019) Westinghouse A-C network calculator was given to Georgia Tech by Georgia Power in 1947. Atlanta is also home to many malls, including Lenox Square and Cumberland Mall in north Atlanta and Greenbriar Mall further south. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution is the result of a 1950 merger between The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution, with staff consolidation occurring in 1982 and separate publication of the morning Constitution and afternoon Journal ceasing in 2001. It is virtually the only housing authority to have created this requirement. It is simply the best. [202] The Atlanta Botanical Garden, adjacent to Piedmont Park, is home to the 600-foot-long (180 m) Kendeda Canopy Walk, a skywalk that allows visitors to tour one of the city's last remaining urban forests from 40 feet (12 m) above the ground. Yes, peaches but why? Facilities along the Chattahoochee River cater to watersports enthusiasts, providing the opportunity for kayaking, canoeing, fishing, boating, or tubing. [42][43] On May 21, 1917, the Great Atlanta Fire destroyed 1,938 buildings in what is now the Old Fourth Ward, resulting in one fatality and the displacement of 10,000 people. As you can see, The Big Peach has no shortage of places to live or things to do. The Atlanta Botanical Garden, adjacent to Piedmont Park, contains formal gardens, including a Japanese garden and a rose garden, woodland areas, and a conservatory that includes indoor exhibits of plants from tropical rainforests and deserts. Atlanta averaged 1.31 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8. "A CHAMPION FOR ATLANTA: Maynard Jackson: 'Black mecca' burgeoned under leader", "the city that calls itself America's 'Black Mecca, U.S. Census 2008 American Community Survey. Share this tour. [48][49] Van Leer was instrumental in making the school and Atlanta the first major research center in the American South. New development post-2000 has been aided by the Atlanta Housing Authority's eradication of the city's public housing. The heavy reliance on automobiles for transportation in Atlanta has resulted in traffic, commute, and air pollution rates that rank among the worst in the country. twice in international friendlies. Official records for Atlanta were kept at the Weather Bureau in downtown from October 1878 to August 1928, and at Hartsfield–Jackson Int'l since September 1928. ATLANTA, GEORGIA - DECEMBER 31: A general view of Atlanta New Year's Eve 2019 Peach Drop on December 31, 2018 in Atlanta, Georgia. [33] The initial route was to run southward from Chattanooga to a terminus east of the Chattahoochee River, which would be linked to Savannah. The mayor may veto a bill passed by the council, but the council can override the veto with a two-thirds majority. This is due to a large population of migrants from other parts of the U.S., in addition to many recent immigrants to the U.S. who have made the metropolitan area their home, establishing Atlanta as the cultural and economic hub of an increasingly multi-cultural metropolitan area. As it happens, long before New York City was nicknamed the Big Apple, it was known briefly as New Orange. The Atlanta Gladiators of the ECHL Play in Duluth, a suburb northeast of the city. [77] Construction of the Beltline has stimulated new and related development along its path.[102]. Because they grow the best peaches. Increased racial tensions led to the Atlanta Race Riot of 1906, when whites attacked blacks, leaving at least 27 people dead and over 70 injured, with extensive damage in black neighborhoods. The population density was 3,154 per square mile (1232/km2). Georgia became the 4th state in 1788. With an estimated 2019 population of 506,811,[10] it is also the 37th most populous city in the United States. With rapid expansion, however, it soon became the convergence point among multiple railroads, spurring its rapid growth. Sweet Auburn emerged as a center of black commerce. [143][144][145], Atlanta started as a railroad town, and logistics has been a major component of the city's economy to this day. [53][54][55] After Griffin publicly sent a telegram to the state's Board Of Regents requesting Georgia Tech not to engage in racially integrated events, Georgia Tech's president Blake R Van Leer rejected the request and threatened to resign. [218], Professional soccer has been played in some form in Atlanta since 1967. [214] The Braves won the World Series in 1995, during an unprecedented run of 14 straight divisional championships from 1991 to 2005. While Atlanta in the postwar years had relatively minimal racial strife compared to other cities, blacks were limited by discrimination, segregation, and continued disenfranchisement of most voters. [35] The residents approved, and the town was incorporated as Atlanta on December 29, 1847.[36]. The defense industries attracted thousands of new residents and generated revenues, resulting in rapid population and economic growth. By 1885, the founding of the Georgia School of Technology (now Georgia Tech) and the Atlanta University Center, a consortium of historically black colleges made up of units for men and women, had established Atlanta as a center for higher education. [186] Trap music became popular in Atlanta, and has since become a hub for popular trap artists and producers due to the success of T.I., Young Jeezy, 21 Savage, Gucci Mane, Future, Migos, Lil Yachty, 2 Chainz, Playboi Carti and Young Thug. Examples of street art in Atlanta can be found on the Atlanta Street Art Map. Hispanics of any race made up 5.2% of the city's population. Downtown is home to the city's sporting venues and many of its tourist attractions. Atlanta serves as an important rail junction and contains major classification yards for Norfolk Southern and CSX. The game went on as planned [56], In the 1960s, Atlanta became a major organizing center of the civil rights movement, with Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph David Abernathy, and students from Atlanta's historically black colleges and universities playing major roles in the movement's leadership. [147] Partly due to the airport, Atlanta has been also a hub for diplomatic missions; as of 2017[update], the city contains 26 consulates general, the seventh-highest concentration of diplomatic missions in the US.[148]. The Atlanta University Center is also in the city; it is the largest contiguous consortium of historically black colleges in the nation, comprising Spelman College, Clark Atlanta University, Morehouse College, and Morehouse School of Medicine. [94], Surrounding Atlanta's three high-rise districts are the city's low- and medium-density neighborhoods,[94] where the craftsman bungalow single-family home is dominant. This was the same time that "ATL" became popular as a nickname for Atlanta as a whole. That episode is the reason James Burroughs pulled over on his way from Atlanta to Raleigh. So if you’re tempted to take a bite from The Big Peach, here are 8 tips for Atlanta travelers. The primary network-affiliated television stations in Atlanta are WXIA-TV 11 (NBC), WGCL-TV 46 (CBS), WSB-TV 2 (ABC), and WAGA-TV 5 (Fox). they moved to Atlanta in 1968 and play their games in State Farm Arena. [142] Many corporations are drawn to the city by its educated workforce; as of 2014[update], 45% of adults aged 25 or older residing in the city have at least 4-year college degrees, compared to the national average of 28%. [90] The city contains three major high-rise districts, which form a north–south axis along Peachtree: Downtown, Midtown, and Buckhead. Budget Friendly in the Big Peach. The Chattahoochee River long formed a border between the Coastal Southern and Southern Appalachian dialects. In 2014, the Atlanta Streetcar opened to the public. Atlanta's 343 parks, nature preserves, and gardens cover 3,622 acres (14.66 km2),[232] which amounts to only 5.6% of the city's total acreage, compared to the national average of just over 10%. (Photo by … The New Great Migration brought an insurgence of African Americans from California[116] and the North to the Atlanta area. State Nicknames of Georgia. In 2011, Atlanta hosted professional wrestling's annual WrestleMania. The two lane bike track runs from Monroe Drive west to Charles Allen Drive, with connections to the Beltline and Piedmont Park. The per capita income for the city was $35,453. The city also regularly hosts international, professional, and collegiate sporting events. In 2017, Atlanta United FC began play as Atlanta's first premier-division professional soccer club since the Chiefs. [146] Delta Air Lines, the city's largest employer and the metro area's third-largest, operates the world's largest airline hub at Hartsfield-Jackson, and it has helped make it the world's busiest airport, in terms of both passenger traffic and aircraft operations. [172], As a national center for the arts,[173] Atlanta is home to significant art museums and institutions. Around the same time, Cox Enterprises, now the nation's third-largest cable television service and the publisher of over a dozen American newspapers, moved its headquarters to the city. [71] This was similar to the tendency in other cities for young, college educated, single or married couples to live in downtown areas. We promise to: Constantly deliver exemplary customer service and unparalleled product knowledge to all of … [66], During the 2000s, Atlanta underwent a profound physical, cultural, and demographic transformation. [109] However, ice storms usually cause more problems than snowfall does, the most severe occurring on January 7, 1973. From 2000 to 2010, the city's black population decreased by 31,678 people, shrinking from 61.4% of the city's population in 2000 to 54.0% in 2010, as the overall population expanded and migrants increased from other areas. We closed our detention center to ICE detainees, and we would not pick up people on an immigration violation. 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