These factors are organized in terms of Aristotle’s four kinds of “causes,” or explanations: formal, efficient, material, and final. Environment factors such as childhood exposure to lead has been linked to many cases. The brain chemical dopamine may also play a role. Environmental and Parenting Causes of ADHD Studies have confirmed that ADHD is a genetic disorder. ADHD is a medical condition affecting the brain that makes it difficult for children to control their behaviour. At this point, the research suggests that ADHD is primarily a neurological or brain-based disorder that is either present at birth, or that develops early on in childhood. Some also have dreaminess; Possible consequences: Learning or professional difficulties, behavioural problems, problems in dealing with others Causes: probably mainly genetic, but also unfavourable environmental influences as triggers Diagnostics: inquiring about typical characteristics, observing … Most of our information about the heritability of ADHD comes from family studies, adoption studies, twin studies and molecular genetic research. Factors that may be involved in the development of ADHD include genetics, the environment or problems with the central nervous system at key moments in development. The most important predictor of its occurrence is a person’s genetic make up. Damage to the front of the brain, called the frontal lobe, can cause problems controlling impulses and emotions. Such anomalies are triggered by an imbalance of the neurotransmitters dopamine and noradrenaline which play an important role in the transmission of stimuli in nerve cells. Is It ADHD or Sensory Processing Disorder. Certain groups are also believed to be more at risk of ADHD, including people: Page last reviewed: 30 May 2018 Smoking A 2018 study published in Pediatrics found a significant relationship between smoking during pregnancy and the likelihood of a child having ADHD. While the exact cause of ADHD is not clear, research efforts continue. The same is true for children with head injuries to the frontal lobe of the brain, the area that controls impulses and emotions. It is not caused by watching too much television or lack of discipline. Studies show that developing ADHD is much higher in children if the parents have the same condition. Is There a Link Between Pesticides and ADHD? We do not know what causes ADHD. Heredity is the most common cause of ADHD. The exact cause of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not fully understood, although a combination of factors is thought to be responsible. What causes ADHD? Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, How ADHD Affects Your Child's Social Life. Recent studies of twins link genes with ADHD.1In addition to genetics, scientists are studying other possible causes and risk factors including: 1. One 2009 study of twins and triplets suggests a genetic link. Research shows three major factors connect ADHD diagnosed cases. Problems with the central nervous system at key moments in development may play a role. But some issues frequently co-occur with ADHD. Today, there is sufficient scientific evidence that ADHD is caused by an underlying neurobiological metabolic and functional disorder in the brain. Children born with a low birth weight, born premature, or whose mothers had difficult pregnancies have a higher risk of having ADHD. 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